Bioinformatics as an integrated field of science and technology that uses lots of science and techniques to solve problems, needs to classify into different profession major to help scientists understand it very well.
Increasingly use of bioinformatics in all branches of science and industries from enzyme to vaccine have greatly increased the demand for bioinformatics majors. Some institute have created interdisciplinary programs between their biology and computer science departments which help bridge the gap between these sciences. Other programs take a specific portion of bioinformatics in the context of the science being taught. In many epidemiology and social health programs, for instance, bioinformatics make up a segment of the coursework to make students ready for understanding, analyzing and processing large data with different artificial intelligence and algorithms and computational tools.
There are several fields of study which incorporate bioinformatics heavily. Proteomics, for example, is the science of classifying and understanding proteins and their origins. Computers are needed to model the genetic code, sequencing of amino acids, and 3-D structure of proteins. Using these models, we can use different tools to predict how certain proteins will interact with other molecules. Eventually, we may be able to model an entire organism, and study how all of the reactions take place throughout the organism. The same is true of genetics and other sciences which rely on DNA processing. Before computers, processing even a small portion of DNA was unrealistic, and would take a human years, simply based on the large number of elements involved. The analysis of DNA, proteins, and other tissues by computers spills into other majors as well. Even degrees in criminal justice will require some knowledge of bioinformatics. Fingerprinting and DNA evidence make up a majority of the evidence in many criminal cases, and bioinformatics is central to obtaining and validating this evidence.
Many bioinformatics degrees are graduate level degrees, as much knowledge of both computers and biology is required to understand complex computer software and intricate biology systems. However, a few academic schools are developing interdisciplinary bachelor’s degrees in bioinformatics. The field of bioinformatics is rapidly expanding, from measuring neurons in the brain to using computers to track crops. As such, the number of careers involving the science is also rapidly expanding.