What is Anatomy science? Short review to definition, application, websites and books

Anatomy science is a science that Stud the structure of living things and their parts. Anatomy is one of the main important branches of biology science that allows to scientists to understand the structure and the parts of organisms including animals, human beings, and living organisms. Moreover, it investigates how a living body adapts and maintains balance with the physical environment and human health.

Anatomy science as a field of science that integrated with biology science definitions and concepts have a vision to identification and description of the body structures of living things and Gross anatomy involves the study of major body structures by dissection and observation and in its narrowest sense is concerned only with the human body.


It is an old science, having its beginnings in prehistoric times. Anatomy is inherently tied to developmental biology, embryology, comparative anatomy, evolutionary biology, and phylogeny, as these are the processes by which anatomy is generated, both over immediate and long-term timescales. Anatomy and physiology, which study the structure and function of organisms and their parts respectively, make a natural pair of related disciplines, and are often studied together. Human anatomy is one of the essential basic sciences that are applied in medicine.


The discipline of anatomy is divided into macroscopic and microscopic. Macroscopic anatomy, or gross anatomy, is the examination of an animal’s body parts using unaided eyesight.
and today there are top references, books and websites concentrating on this subject that we will talk about it. This science change our vision and life by: Anatomy and Physiology provide basic knowledge about the human body. It helps in clearing the fundamental concepts as to how our bodies function. With the help of the classes of anatomy and physiology, one gets to learn not only the theoretical concepts but practical functionalities of the human body too.


This science has an important role in our life and we are using their discoveries in
Anatomy is not only one of the major courses of medicine, but also helps in the development of specialization in medicine . Not only anatomy deals with the study of structure and morphology, but also it has a long history in which anatomists play the role of geographers of the body and you can find more about this science in these websites:

A)TeachMe Anatomy (most comprehensive)
https://teachmeanatomy.info/

B)Innerbody Research (easiest to use)
https://www.innerbody.com/htm/body.html

C)Get Body Smart (best visuals)
https://www.getbodysmart.com/

D)AnatomyZone (most interactive)
http://www.anatomyzone.com

E) UMich Anatomy (best for gross/lab anatomy)

And if you are looking for a book about this science here is a top list for anatomy science you can find.


Atlas of Human Anatomy by Frank H. Netter
Thieme Atlas of Anatomy by Gilroy
Anatomy: A Photographic Atlas by Rohen
Clinical Anatomy: Applied Anatomy For Students and Junior Doctors
The Anatomy Coloring Book
Moore’s Clinically Oriented Anatomy
Thieme Anatomy: An Essential Textbook
Color Atlas of Anatomy: A Photographic Study of the Human Body
Grays Anatomy for Students
Sobotta Atlas of Human Anatomy

Now Lets take a look at new concepts that changed face of our life.
Today we are living in #Vaccine_century and new technologies helped us to produce #vaccine_for_kids and pass big #pandemic like #Covid19. New #RNA & #DNA #vaccines_work accurately and make #immunity in human #blood. But by #mutation in previous #Virus & #Bacteria, we need #Vaccine_Update to get #immune from #pathogen such as what we see in #Pfizer that update its #mRNA_Vaccine made by #BioNTech against variety of #Omicron from #CoronaVirus19 that approved by #FDA. And today we see social opposition movement and #new_music made for this such as #Vaccine_nocap published and make a resistance against #vaccine_passport. Previous vaccine technology was based on #Antigen #protein #molecule and #epitope_mapping but today based on #bioinformatics science that integrate different field of #biology such as #biophysics, #biochemistry, #genomics, #proteomics and #metobolomics that used #synthetic_biology, new #vaccine_technology developed that make a billion #dollar #money earning #biopharmaceutical and #pharmaceuticals companies like #JNJ, #Roche, #Pfizer, #Eli_Lilly, #Novo_Nordisk, #Regeneron and #Alexion_pharmaceuticals that are under control of FDA: #America Food and #drug administration that act as a regulator for new #recombinant_proteins, and #biotechnology products to become as a drug in #drugstore. These companies are working on next generation of #personal_medicine to cure diseases from #STDs like #HIV, #HPV, #Chlamydia and #Syphilis to very special cure method that make top expensive drugs such as #Zolgensma, #Glybera, #Luxturna, #Ravicti, #Carbaglu, #Soliris and #Brineura that change our world today. All of these are available for our researchers based on #molecular #modeling and #simulating software such as #Chemkin, #CP2K and #Desmond, and soon in the world of #genetic_engineering and #protein_engineering, new software developed based on #molecular_docking in #atomic and #quantum size modeling such as #AADS, #ADAM & #AutoDock that helps developing new molecules against #diseases with #drug_delivery technologies based on #nanotechnology science. These researches made a big #data that today #health_informatics and #data_mining servers act as a #miners to develop and extract new molecule with optimized function and structure based on #blockchain technology and new #algorithms. These #drug_information made a billion category #database that help #R&D centers to find suitable molecule for special purpose. These scientific movement found that #DNA or #RNA can act as a drug to command live cell for a special purpose in medicine and developing #diagnostic_kits for detecting special molecule or chemical agent in air, water and environment based on #Aptamer Nano #biosensor technologies & #PCR. These kits use unique #conformation or #affinity of a target molecule to #DNA or #mRNA and then activate series of chemical reaction that we detect them with biosensors or chemical sensors. Soon #DNA studies shows unique genetic content can give one person special power to understand or do things easily. This lead to new DNA based pharmaceutical products such as #CRISPER that do live genetic engineering for anti_aging or curing a genetic diseases in someone who is borned with that and today new technologies target to develop #DNA_Vaccine or #RNA_vaccine against diseases such as #Hepatitis, #Diphtheria, #HIB, #Measles and #Meningococcal to create a social immunity against them that medical organization such as #WHO & #HHS (#America_department_of_
Protein technology also have its own way and engineered #protein_synthesis for making safe and healthy #protein_structure as a #protein_powder, #protein_foods & #pharmaceutical_protein that act as a #hormone such as #insulin, #interferon, #growth_factor, #antibody, #blood_factors, #Enzyme and #Interleukins. And this way is continued.

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